• Rie Cramer: the middle years

    Rie Cramer (1887-1977) was a Dutch writer and illustrator of children's literature. She gradually abandoned that Art Nouneau style that characterised her early work. As a result, from the 1920s on her illustrations became more simplified and less lyrical and her colours more primary.
    In 1921 Cramer produced illustrations for the Arabian Nights (1001 Nacht). The volumes were published by Nienke van Hichtum, a Frisian-Dutch children's author, whose books Cramer will go on illustrating for years to come. The One Thousand and One Nights is a collection of Middle Eastern and South Asian stories compiled in Arabic during the Islamic Golden Age. The work was collected over many centuries from tales that trace their roots back to ancient and medieval Arabic, Persian, Mesopotamian, Indian, Jewish and Egyptian folklore and literature. Virtually unknown in the west before the 18th century, the first French translation appeared in 1704 and the first English translation two years after. Incidentally, the stories that feature Aladdin, Sinbad and Ali Baba, which are the characters most widely associated with the Arabian Nights, were not not originally part of the collection but were added later by European translators. The Arabian Nights have been a favourite subject for Cramer's contemporaries: Maxfield Parrish, Edmund Dulac, Arthur Rackham, Willy Pogany, Anton Pieck, René Bull, Léon Carré, Edward Detmold, Kay Nielsen, Charles Folkard, all produced illustrations for the Arabian nights. Before them they were illustrated by Islamic artists during the medieval and early modern period. The work's frame story is that of Scheherazade, the vizier's daughter, who narrates tales to her husband the king each night for 1001 nights, every time leaving the end of the story for the night after in her attempt to postpone her execution.

    Rie Cramer - 1001 nacht

    Rie Cramer - 1001 nacht

    Rie Cramer - 1001 nacht

    In 1922 she illustrated Hichtum's Het Groot Vertelselboek (The big book of tales), a collection of folk stories and fairy tales of mostly Eastern European origin. 

    Rie Cramer Het Groot Vertelsenboek 1922

    Rie Cramer Het Groot Vertelsenboek 1922 Rie Cramer Het Groot Vertelsenboek 1922

    Rie Cramer Het Groot Vertelsenboek 1922

    Rie Cramer Het Groot Vertelsenboek 1922

    Rie Cramer Het Groot Vertelsenboek 1922

    Rie Cramer Het Groot Vertelsenboek 1922

    Rie Cramer Het Groot Vertelsenboek 1922

    In 1922-1923 Cramer illustrated 3 works of Shakespeare: ''Hamlet, Prince of Danemark'' (Hamlet, Prins van Denemarken), ''Macbeth'' and ''As you like it'' (Naar het u lijkt)

    Prince Hamlet decides to wreak revenge upon his uncle, Claudius, by the ghost of Hamlet's father, King Hamlet. Claudius had murdered his own brother and seized the throne, also marrying his deceased brother's widow.

    Rie Cramer Hamlet

    Macbeth murders King Duncan with the help of his wife and takes the Scottish throne for himself after receiving a prophecy from a trio of witches that one day he will become king of Scotland.  Wracked by guilt and paranoia, he ends up dragging the entire kingdom in a bloodbath and himself to madness.

    Rie Cramer Macbeth

    In As you like it Rosalind enters the forest of Arden as she flees prosecution in her uncle's court, accompanied by her cousin Celia. There they encounter many notable characters and among them the melancholy traveller Jacques, who tells them that ''All the world's a stage, And all the men and women merely players; They have their exits and their entrances, And one man in his time plays many parts.''

    Rie Cramer As you like it

     Rie Cramer will go on writing and illustrating tens of books on familiar themes during the next few years. In 1927-1929 she will design the costumes and decor for several theatrical plays, including Shakespeare's As you like it and Maeterlinck's L'Oiseau Bleu (The Blue Bird). In 1928 she will illustrate Ella Vémor's Kaboutertje Windvlaag depicting the adventures of a tiny gnome.

    Kaboutertje Windvaag Rie Cramer

    In the same year she will illustrate another book of hers, Kindertjes uit Zonneland (Children from the Sun Country). She will also produce illustrations for Alex De Jong's music book Liedjes van vroeger (Songs of old).

    Rie Cramer Kindertjes uit Zonneland

    Rie Cramer Liedjes van vroeger

    Rie Cramer Liedjes van vroeger

    Rie Cramer: the early years 
    Rie Cramer: the early years
Sale

Unavailable

Sold Out